Associations between Birth Weight and Adult Sleep Characteristics: A Cross-Sectional Analysis from the UAEHFS

Nirmin F. Juber, Abdishakur Abdulle, Amar Ahmad, Andrea Leinberger-Jabari, Ayesha S.Al Dhaheri, Fatma Al-Maskari, Fatme AlAnouti, Mohammad Al-Houqani, Mohammed Hag Ali, Omar El-Shahawy, Scott Sherman, Syed M. Shah, Tom Loney, Youssef Idaghdour, Raghib Ali

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Abnormal birth weight, particularly low birth weight (LBW), is known to have long-term adverse health consequences in adulthood, with disrupted sleep being suggested as a mediator or modifier of this link. We thus aimed to assess the associations between birth weight and self-reported adult sleep characteristics: sleep duration, difficulty waking up in the morning, daily nap frequency, sleep problems at night, snoring, daytime tiredness or sleepiness, and ever-stop breathing during sleep. This cross-sectional analysis used the United Arab Emirates Healthy Future Study data collected from February 2016 to March 2023 involving 2124 Emiratis aged 18–61 years. We performed a Poisson regression under unadjusted and age-sex-and-BMI-adjusted models to obtain the risk ratio and its 95% confidence interval for our analysis of the association between birth weight and each adult sleep characteristics, compared to individuals with normal birth weight (≥2.5 kg). Those with LBW had significantly a 17% increased risk of difficulty waking up in the morning, compared to those with normal birth weight. In addition, females with LBW history were also at an increased risk of reporting difficulty waking up in the morning. Studies with objective sleep assessments that include measurements of more confounding factors are recommended to confirm these risks.

Original languageEnglish
Article number5618
JournalJournal of Clinical Medicine
Volume12
Issue number17
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sept 2023

Keywords

  • UAE Healthy Future Study
  • United Arab Emirates
  • birth weight
  • epidemiology
  • global health
  • prenatal exposure delayed effects
  • sleep characteristics

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Medicine

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