Di[(1R)-2-Oximo-endo-3-bornyl] diselenide (4) and its benzoate derivative 5 were prepared from the corresponding known 2-keto diselenide 1. Treatment of 4 and 5 with bromine, followed by silver triflate in methanol-dichloromethane, generated the corresponding selenenyl triflates 6b and 7b. The latter reagents reacted with a variety of mono-, di-, and trisubstituted alkenes to afford the corresponding 1,2-addition products (β-methoxy selenides) in a highly diastereoselective manner. The free oxime 6b was particularly effective in such methoxyselenenylations, giving diastereomeric ratios (d.r.s) ranging from 86:14 to > 98:2. Even cis-disubstituted alkenes, which typically give poor d.r.s in similar additions with other chiral selenium electrophiles, underwent highly stereoselective additions with this reagent. Reductive deselenizations of the adducts obtained from styrene and cis- and trans-stilbene provided the corresponding methyl ethers, whose absolute configurations were determined by comparison with authentic samples. As expected, the dominant enantiomers thus obtained from cis- and trans-stilbene, using either 6b or 7b, had opposite configurations. Moreover, each geometrical isomer of stilbene produced methyl ethers with the same configuration when treated with either the oxime 6b or the benzoate 7b. Coordination effects between the substituents at the 2-position of the camphor molecule and the positive selenium atoms in the intermediate seleniranium ions are believed to play an important role in determining the stereochemical outcome of methoxyselenenylations. Selenenyl triflate 6b and selenenyl chloride 7c were also investigated in the electrophilic cyclizations of several unsaturated alcohols and carboxylic acids. However, diastereoselectivities were typically much lower than in the methoxyselenenylations. When the selenenyl bromide 6a, derived from the addition of bromine to the corresponding diselenide 4, was allowed to stand in the absence of an alkene, it underwent intramolecular cyclization with the oxime hydroxyl group, followed by further bromination, to afford the unusual oxaselenazole 11, whose structure was determined by spectroscopic means as well as by X-ray crystallography.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Organic Chemistry