Augmenting CCAM Infrastructure for Creating Smart Roads and Enabling Autonomous Driving

M. Jalal Khan, Manzoor Ahmed Khan, Obaid Ullah, Sumbal Malik, Farkhund Iqbal, Hesham El-Sayed, Sherzod Turaev

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)


Autonomous vehicles and smart roads are not new concepts and the undergoing development to empower the vehicles for higher levels of automation has achieved initial milestones. However, the transportation industry and relevant research communities still require making considerable efforts to create smart and intelligent roads for autonomous driving. To achieve the results of such efforts, the CCAM infrastructure is a game changer and plays a key role in achieving higher levels of autonomous driving. In this paper, we present a smart infrastructure and autonomous driving capabilities enhanced by CCAM infrastructure. Meaning thereby, we lay down the technical requirements of the CCAM infrastructure: identify the right set of the sensory infrastructure, their interfacing, integration platform, and necessary communication interfaces to be interconnected with upstream and downstream solution components. Then, we parameterize the road and network infrastructures (and automated vehicles) to be advanced and evaluated during the research work, under the very distinct scenarios and conditions. For validation, we demonstrate the machine learning algorithms in mobility applications such as traffic flow and mobile communication demands. Consequently, we train multiple linear regression models and achieve accuracy of over 94% for predicting aforementioned demands on a daily basis. This research therefore equips the readers with relevant technical information required for enhancing CCAM infrastructure. It also encourages and guides the relevant research communities to implement the CCAM infrastructure towards creating smart and intelligent roads for autonomous driving.

Original languageEnglish
Article number922
JournalRemote Sensing
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2023


  • CCAM infrastructure
  • autonomous driving

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Earth and Planetary Sciences


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