Autosomal recessive early-onset nephropathy with progressive focal glomerulosclerosis

I. Amirlak, L. I. Al-Gazali

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


We report an inbred Arab family from Oman with 5 children affected with an early-onset nephropathy and an early progression to renal failure. All patients presented with eyelid swelling, proteinuria and microscopic haematuria associated with growth failure. The patients did not present gross oedema or clinical nephrotic syndrome in spite of massive proteinuria and hypoproteinaemia, and there was no response to steroid. Renal biopsy showed progressive focal glomerulosclerosis in 2 of them and an unusual appearance in the 3rd child with deposition of electron-dense immune complexes in the mesangium and subendothelial position. It may be that this is a new type of nephropathy leading to focal glomerulosclerosis. Mapping the gene for this type of nephrosis should be possible in this family using the concept of homozygosity mapping.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)61-67
Number of pages7
JournalMedical Principles and Practice
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 1998


  • Arab
  • Autosomal recessive
  • Focal glomerulosclerosis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Medicine


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