Azadirachtin Attenuates Lipopolysaccharide-Induced ROS Production, DNA Damage, and Apoptosis by Regulating JNK/Akt and AMPK/mTOR-Dependent Pathways in Rin-5F Pancreatic Beta Cells

Annie John, Haider Raza

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

9 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Pancreatic inflammation and the resulting cellular responses have been implicated in pancreatitis, diabetes, and pancreatic cancer. Inflammatory responses due to the bacterial endotoxin, lipopolysaccharide (LPS), have been demonstrated to alter cellular metabolism, autophagy, apoptosis, and cell proliferation in different cell populations, and hence increases the risks for organ toxicity including cancer. The exact molecular mechanism is however not clear. In the present study, we investigated the role and mechanism of an antioxidant, azadirachtin (AZD), a limonoid extracted from the neem tree (Azadirachta indica), against LPS-induced oxidative stress in the pancreatic β-cell line, Rin-5F. We demonstrated that cells treated with LPS (1 μg/mL for 24 h) showed increased reactive oxygen species (ROS) production, DNA damage, cell cycle arrest, and apoptosis. Our results also showed that LPS induced alterations in the AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK)/mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) pathways, suppressing autophagy and augmenting apoptosis. Treatment with Azadirachtin (25 μM for 24 h), on the other hand, rendered some degree of protection to the pancreatic cells from apoptosis by inducing the autophagy signals required for cell survival. These results may have significance in elucidating the mechanisms of pancreatic β-cell survival and death by balancing the molecular communication between autophagy and apoptosis under inflammatory and pathological conditions.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1943
JournalBiomedicines
Volume9
Issue number12
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2021

Keywords

  • Apoptosis
  • Autophagy
  • Azadirachtin
  • LPS
  • Pancreatic cells
  • ROS

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • General Biochemistry,Genetics and Molecular Biology

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