Behavior of corrosion-damaged RC columns wrapped with FRP under combined flexural and axial loading

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This paper presents the results of a research program aimed at investigating the effectiveness of carbon fiber-reinforced polymers (CFRP) to upgrade corrosion-damaged eccentrically loaded reinforced concrete (RC) columns. A total of 16 square RC columns with end corbels were constructed. Test specimen had an overall length of 1200 mm whereas each end corbel had a cross section of 250 × 250 mm and a length of 350 mm. The specimen in the test region was 125 × 125 mm having longitudinal steel ratio of 1.9%. The damaged specimens were exposed to 30 days of accelerated corrosion that corresponded to a steel mass loss of about 4.25%. The main test parameters were the CFRP repair scheme (no wrapping, full-wrapping, and partial-wrapping) and the eccentricity-to-section height (e / h) ratio (0.3, 0.43, 0.57, and 0.86). The strength of the damaged columns fully wrapped with CFRP was up to 40% higher than that of the control undamaged columns. The strength gain was inversely proportional to the eccentricity ratio. Partial CFRP-wrapping was 8% less effective than full CFRP-wrapping at nominal e / h of 0.3. At higher e / h values, the confinement level had a negligible effect on the columns' strength. An analytical model was then proposed to predict the columns' strength under eccentric loading. A comparative analysis between predicted and experimental results demonstrated the model's accuracy and reliability.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)524-534
Number of pages11
JournalCement and Concrete Composites
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2008


  • Axial
  • CFRP
  • Columns
  • Concrete
  • Corrosion
  • Eccentric
  • Flexural

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Building and Construction
  • General Materials Science


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