Biochemical changes and antioxidant variations in date palm (Phoenix dactylifera l.) varieties during flower induction and development

Saeed R.H.A. Al Shamsi, Gabriel A. Rabert, Shyam S. Kurup, Mohammed Abdul Muhsen Alyafei, Abdul Jaleel

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)


The present investigation was carried out to explore the biochemical changes and antiox-idant variations, including non‐enzymatic and enzymatic antioxidant variations, in the leaves of different varieties of date palm (Phoenix dactylifera L.) belonging to the early, mid‐, and late‐flower-ing categories in the United Arab Emirates. The changes in the protein and phenol concentration; the ascorbic acid, reduced glutathione, and α‐tocopherol contents; and the activity of peroxidase and polyphenol oxidase were studied in the leaves during the preflowering, flowering, and postflowering stages of the date palms. Two varieties each from the early (Shaham, Khanezi), mid‐ (Barhee, Nabthasaif), and late‐ (Khasab, Fardh) flowering types were used in this study. The protein content in the leaves was higher in the early flowering varieties during the preflowering stage but lower in the other two varieties. The phenol content showed an opposite trend to the protein. There was significant variation in the ascorbic acid content and a reduction in glutathione and α‐tocoph-erol between the leaves of different varieties. Similarly, the activity of the antioxidant enzyme ascor-bate peroxidase in the leaves was higher during the preflowering stage in all varieties. The super-oxide dismutase (SOD), polyphenol oxidase (PPO), and catalase (CAT) activity was highest in the Bharhee leaves for all the stages. The peroxidase activity (POD) was highest in the Fardh variety of date palm, whereas the Khanezi variety exhibited the lowest activity. This study can be used as a baseline for developing more protocols for understanding the possible roles of biochemicals, anti-oxidants, antioxidant enzymes, and their interactions in the regulation of flower development in different date palm varieties.

Original languageEnglish
Article number2550
Issue number11
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2021


  • Antioxidant enzymes
  • Antioxidants
  • Date palm
  • Enzymes
  • Flower induction
  • Flowering

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
  • Ecology
  • Plant Science


Dive into the research topics of 'Biochemical changes and antioxidant variations in date palm (Phoenix dactylifera l.) varieties during flower induction and development'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this