Biodesalination performance of Phormidium keutzingianum concentrated using two methods (immobilization and centrifugation)

Salma Shaikhoun, Abdul Mannan Zafar, Yin Hu Wu, Ashraf Aly Hassan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The biodesalination performance of the cyanophycean Phormidium keutzingianum concentrated using two methods (centrifugation and immobilization) was evaluated for the first time at NaCl concentrations of 10, 30, 50, and 70 g/L. In addition, the osmoregulation ability of P. keutzingianum was assessed at high salinities (50, 70, 85, and 100 g/L) over a relatively short time period. The pH, electrical conductivity, and chloride, nitrate, and phycocyanin concentrations were measured during all experiments. The immobilization method of concentration resulted in a chloride removal rate of up to 44 % during the osmoregulation experiment at a salinity of 100 g/L. For the centrifugation method, the chloride removal rate was 26 % on the 20th day of observation for 10 g/L. Thus, the immobilization method resulted in faster chloride ion removal than the centrifugation method. The findings demonstrate that biodesalination efficiency can be enhanced by the use of different P. keutzingianum preparation methods.

Original languageEnglish
Article number104282
JournalArabian Journal of Chemistry
Volume15
Issue number11
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2022

Keywords

  • Algal growth
  • Bioaccumulation
  • Biodesalination
  • Biosorption
  • Osmoregulation
  • Phormidium keutzingianum

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Chemistry
  • General Chemical Engineering

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