Biomimetic PLGA/Strontium-Zinc Nano Hydroxyapatite Composite Scaffolds for Bone Regeneration

Mozan Hassan, Mohsin Sulaiman, Priya Dharshini Yuvaraju, Emmanuel Galiwango, Ihtesham Ur Rehman, Ali H. Al-Marzouqi, Abbas Khaleel, Sahar Mohsin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

22 Citations (Scopus)


Synthetic bone graft substitutes have attracted increasing attention in tissue engineering. This study aimed to fabricate a novel, bioactive, porous scaffold that can be used as a bone substi-tute. Strontium and zinc doped nano-hydroxyapatite (Sr/Zn n-HAp) were synthesized by a water-based sol-gel technique. Sr/Zn n-HAp and poly (lactide-co-glycolide) (PLGA) were used to fabricate composite scaffolds by supercritical carbon dioxide technique. FTIR, XRD, TEM, SEM, and TGA were used to characterize Sr/Zn n-HAp and the composite scaffolds. The synthesized scaffolds were adequately porous with an average pore size range between 189 to 406 µm. The scaffolds demonstrated bioactive behavior by forming crystals when immersed in the simulated body fluid. The scaffolds after immersing in Tris/HCl buffer increased the pH value of the medium, es-tablishing their favorable biodegradable behavior. ICP-MS study for the scaffolds detected the pres-ence of Sr, Ca, and Zn ions in the SBF within the first week, which would augment osseointegration if implanted in the body. nHAp and their composites (PLGA-nHAp) showed ultimate compressive strength ranging between 0.4–19.8 MPa. A 2.5% Sr/Zn substituted nHAp-PLGA composite showed a compressive behavior resembling that of cancellous bone indicating it as a good candidate for cancellous bone substitute.

Original languageEnglish
Article number13
JournalJournal of Functional Biomaterials
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2022


  • Bone scaffolds
  • Nano-hydroxyapatite
  • PLGA
  • Strontium
  • Supercritical CO
  • Zinc

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biomaterials
  • Biomedical Engineering


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