Biplot analysis for identification of superior genotypes in a recombinant inbred population of wheat under rainfed conditions

Ashutosh Srivastava, Puja Srivastava, R. S. Sarlach, Mayank Anand Gururani

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1 Citation (Scopus)


Physiological traits of wheat genotypes and their trait relation to drought conditions are important to identify the genotype in target environments. Thus, genotype selection should be based on multiple physiological traits in variable environments within the target region. This study was conducted at Punjab Agricultural University during rabi crop seasons 2012-13 and 2013-14 to study the recombinant inbred lines (RILs) of wheat genotypes derived from traditional landraces and modern cultivars (C518/2*PBW343) based on various morpho-physiological traits. A total of 175 RILs were selected for this study based on various tolerance indices. The genotype by trait (GT) biplot analysis was applied to data from seven high-yielding RILs grown under irrigated (E1) and rainfed environments (E2). The GGE biplot explained 100% of the total variation for chlorophyll content, grain filling period, peduncle length, water-soluble carbohydrates, grain number, grain yield, and 95.1% for canopy temperature, 94.9% for thousand-grain weight. GT-biplots indicated that the relationships among the studied traits were not consistent across environments, but they facilitated visual genotype comparisons and selection in each environment. RIL 84 and RIL108 were close to the average environment (ideal genotype) for all traits studied except chlorophyll content. A well-performing genotype with great environmental stability is called an "ideal genotype. Among all entries, these genotypes performed well. Therefore, among the traits studied, grain filling period, peduncle length, canopy temperature, water soluble carbohydrates, and 1000 grain weight contributed to grain yield under a stress environment. Furthermore, it may be used as a donor material in breeding programs and QTLs mapping.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)598-609
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Experimental Biology and Agricultural Sciences
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 2021


  • Environment
  • GGE Biplot
  • Rainfed
  • Recombinant inbred lines (RILs)
  • Traditional landraces
  • Wheat

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Biochemistry,Genetics and Molecular Biology
  • General Veterinary
  • General Agricultural and Biological Sciences


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