Blockchain-based multi-diagnosis deep learning application for various diseases classification

Hakima Rym Rahal, Sihem Slatnia, Okba Kazar, Ezedin Barka, Saad Harous

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Misdiagnosis is a critical issue in healthcare, which can lead to severe consequences for patients, including delayed or inappropriate treatment, unnecessary procedures, psychological distress, financial burden, and legal implications. To mitigate this issue, we propose using deep learning algorithms to improve diagnostic accuracy. However, building accurate deep learning models for medical diagnosis requires substantial amounts of high-quality data, which can be challenging for individual healthcare sectors or organizations to acquire. Therefore, combining data from multiple sources to create a diverse dataset for efficient training is needed. However, sharing medical data between different healthcare sectors can be problematic from a security standpoint due to sensitive information and privacy laws. To address these challenges, we propose using blockchain technology to provide a secure, decentralized, and privacy-respecting way to share locally trained deep learning models instead of the data itself. Our proposed method of model ensembling, which combines the weights of several local deep learning models to build a single global model, that enables accurate diagnosis of complex medical conditions across multiple locations while preserving patient privacy and data security. Our research demonstrates the effectiveness of this approach in accurately diagnosing three diseases (breast cancer, lung cancer, and diabetes) with high accuracy rates, surpassing the accuracy of local models and building a multi-diagnosis application.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)15-30
Number of pages16
JournalInternational Journal of Information Security
Volume23
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2024

Keywords

  • Blockchain
  • Deep learning
  • Medical data security
  • Model ensembling
  • Smart contracts

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Software
  • Information Systems
  • Safety, Risk, Reliability and Quality
  • Computer Networks and Communications

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