Bose-Einstein condensation of spin-1 field in an Einstein universe

M. B. Altaie, Ehab Malkawi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Citations (Scopus)


In this paper we investigate the Bose-Einstein condensation of massive spin-1 particles in an Einstein universe. The system is considered under relativistic conditions taking into consideration the possibility of particle-antiparticle pair production. An exact expression for the charge density is obtained, then certain approximations are employed in order to obtain the solutions in closed form. A discussion of the approximations employed in this and other work is given. The effects of finite-size and spin-curvature coupling are emphasized.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)7093-7102
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Physics A: Mathematical and General
Issue number40
Publication statusPublished - Oct 13 2000
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Statistical and Nonlinear Physics
  • Mathematical Physics
  • General Physics and Astronomy


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