Bovine tuberculosis in Ethiopia: A systematic review and meta-analysis

Berhanu Sibhat, Kassahun Asmare, Kassa Demissie, Gelagay Ayelet, Gezahegne Mamo, Gobena Ameni

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

50 Citations (Scopus)


Bovine tuberculosis (bTB) is a known endemic disease of cattle in Ethiopia; however, there is lack of a comprehensive information on the status and distribution of the disease in the country. The objectives of this systematic review and meta-analysis were to provide a pooled prevalence estimate of bTB at a national level, assess the level of in-between variance among study reports and illustrate the spatial distribution pattern in the country. Articles published on bTB from January 2000 to December, 2016 in English language were included in the review. Pubmed, CAB direct, AJOL and Web of Science were the databases used in electronic search. A total of 127 articles were retrieved from online sources, of which 56 articles were selected for data extraction based on the specified inclusion criteria. From these selected published articles, 114 animal level data were extracted for quantitative analysis. A pooled prevalence estimate of bovine tuberculosis in Ethiopia was found to be 5.8% (95% CI: 4.5, 7.5). In a multivariable meta-regression analysis, breed and production system explained 40.9% of the explainable proportion of the in-between study variance computed. The prevalence of bovine tuberculosis in Holstein-Friesians, 21.6% (95% CI: 14.7–30.7), was higher than the prevalence in local zebus 4.1 (95% CI: 3.4–4.9). Cattle kept under intensive and semi-intensive production systems had higher prevalence, 16.6% (95% CI: 12.4–21.6), of bTB than those kept in extensive livestock production system, 4.6 (95% CI: 3.4–6.2). Bovine tuberculosis is widely distributed across major livestock producing regions of Ethiopia. However, no valid data could be retrieved from Benishanul-Gumuz, Harari and Dire Dawa. Data obtained on bTB from Somali and Gambella regional states are also few and further studies are suggested in these regions. In conclusion, this review showed that bTB in cattle in Ethiopia is widespread with high prevalence in intensive and semi-intensive management systsems that keep exotic breeds and their crosses in urban and peri-urban areas. Thus, it is suggested that the design and implementation of bTB control strategies in Ethiopia should prioritize these hotspots in order to reduce the impact of the disease on the growing dairy sector.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)149-157
Number of pages9
JournalPreventive Veterinary Medicine
Publication statusPublished - Nov 1 2017
Externally publishedYes


  • Bovine tuberculosis
  • Breed
  • Cattle husbandry
  • Ethiopia
  • Geographic distribution

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Food Animals
  • Animal Science and Zoology


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