Buoyancy-induced flow and heat transfer in a partially divided square enclosure

Abdalla AlAmiri, Khalil Khanafer, Ioan Pop

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

50 Citations (Scopus)


The present investigation addressed buoyancy-induced heat transfer in a partially divided square enclosure. The transport equations were solved using the finite element formulation based on the Galerkin method of weighted residuals. The validity of the numerical code used was ascertained by comparing our results with previously published results. Results were obtained in terms of streamlines, isotherms, and Nusselt number for various geometrical parameters specifying the height, width and position of the heater. The effect of Rayleigh number in the range of 104 ≤ Ra ≤ 5 × 107 was highlighted in the proposed work. The results revealed that all the parameters related to the geometrical dimensions of the heater were significant on the flow field, isotherms, and heat transfer. The examined dimensionless geometric dimensions employed along with their respective ranges were: heater width (0.005 ≤ W ≤ 0.5), heater height (0.005 ≤ H ≤ 0.5), and heater location (0 ≤ D ≤ 0.5). The investigation revealed that increased heater height, width, and location has enhanced the heat transfer due to increasing the surface area of the heater.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3818-3828
Number of pages11
JournalInternational Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer
Issue number15-16
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2009


  • Cavity
  • Isothermal Heater
  • Natural convection
  • Numerical

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Fluid Flow and Transfer Processes


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