Depolarization-induced Ca2+ transients were studied in dorsal root ganglion neurones of different size (large, 30–45 μ m; small, 18–25 μ m in diameter) from normal and diabetic mice. Whereas in large neurones no definite changes in the amplitude and time course of the transients were observed, in small neurones the decay of transient became substantially prolonged during streptozotocin-induced and spontaneously occurring diabetes. As small and large neurones differ substantially in their mechanisms of Ca2+transient termination, we conclude that the prolongation of Ca2+transients, probably induced by chronic hyperglycaemia, is specific only for small sensory neurones (transmitting mostly nociceptive signals) and may be a cause of the increased pain sensitivity often accompanying this disease.
- Caffeine-sensitive calcium stores
- Cytoplasmic calcium
- Experimental diabetes
- Sensory neurones
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