Cannabidiol as a treatment for craving and relapse in individuals with cocaine use disorder: a randomized placebo-controlled trial

Violaine Mongeau-Pérusse, Suzanne Brissette, Julie Bruneau, Patricia Conrod, Simon Dubreucq, Guillaume Gazil, Emmanuel Stip, Didier Jutras-Aswad

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

22 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background and Aims: Cocaine use disorder (CUD) is a significant public health concern for which no efficacious pharmacological interventions are available. Cannabidiol (CBD) has attracted considerable interest as a promising treatment for addiction. This study tested CBD efficacy for reducing craving and preventing relapse in people with CUD. Design: Single-site double-blind randomized controlled superiority trial comparing CBD with placebo. Setting and Participants: Centre Hospitalier de l'Université de Montréal, Canada. Seventy-eight adults (14 women) with moderate to severe CUD participated. Intervention: Participants were randomly assigned (1 : 1) by stratified blocks to daily 800 mg CBD (n = 40) or placebo (n = 38). They first underwent an inpatient detoxification phase lasting 10 days. Those who completed this phase entered a 12-week outpatient follow-up. Measurements: Primary outcomes were drug–cue-induced craving during detoxication and time-to-cocaine relapse during subsequent outpatient treatment. Findings: During drug–cue exposure, craving scores [mean ± standard deviation (SD)] increased from baseline by 4.69 (2.89) versus 3.21 (2.78) points, respectively, in CBD (n = 36) and placebo (n = 28) participants [confidence interval (CI) = −0.33 to 3.04; P = 0.069; Bayes factor = 0.498]. All but three participants relapsed to cocaine by week 12 with similar risk for CBD (n = 34) and placebo (n = 27) participants (hazard ratio = 1.20, CI = 0.65–2.20, P = 0.51; Bayes factor = 0.152). CBD treatment was well tolerated and associated mainly with diarrhoea. Conclusions: CBD did not reduce cocaine craving or relapse among people being treated for CUD.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2431-2442
Number of pages12
JournalAddiction
Volume116
Issue number9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sept 2021

Keywords

  • Addiction
  • cannabidiol
  • cocaine
  • craving
  • human
  • relapse

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

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