Cardioprotection by Inula racemosa Hook in experimental model of myocardial ischemic reperfusion injury

Shreesh Ojha, Mukesh Nandave, Santosh Kumari, Dharamvir S. Arya

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15 Citations (Scopus)


To evaluate the cardioprotective potential of Inula racemosa in myocardial ischemic-reperfusion injury, Wistar male albino rats were randomly divided into four groups. The group I and II animals were administered saline orally {(sham, ischemia-reperfusion (I-R) control group)} and animals of group III and group IV received I. racemosa extract (100 mg/kg) for 30 days. On the 30th day, animals of I-R control and I. racemosa treated groups were underwent 45 min of ligation of left anterior descending coronary artery and were thereafter re-perfused for 60 min. In the I-R control group, a significant decrease of mean arterial pressure (MAP), heart rate (HR), contractility, (+)LVdP/dt and relaxation, (-)LVdP/dt and an increase of left ventricular end diastolic pressure (LVEDP) were observed. Subsequent to haemodynamic impairment and left ventricular contractile dysfunction, a significant decline was observed in endogenous myocardial antioxidants; superoxide dismutase (SOD), catalase (CAT), glutathione peroxidase (GPx) and reduced glutathione (GSH). Increased lipid peroxidation characterized by malonaldialdehyde (MDA) formation along with depletion of cardiomyocytes specific enzymes, creatine phosphokinase-MB (CK-MB) isoenzyme and lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) in I-R control group compared to sham group revealed I-R injury of heart. However, treatment with I. racemosa significantly restored the myocardial antioxidant status evidenced by increased SOD, CAT, GPx and GSH and prevented leakage of cardio-specific enzymes; CK-MB and LDH and favorably modulated the altered MAP, HR, (+)LVdP/dt, (-)LVdP/dt and LVEDP as compared to I-R control. Furthermore, I-R induced lipid peroxidation was significantly inhibited by I. racemosa treatment. These beneficial cardioprotective effects translated into significant improvement in cardiac function. In conclusion, our study has demonstrated that the cardioprotective effect of I. racemosa likely resulted to improved antioxidant status, haemodynamic and left ventricular contractile function subsequent to suppression of oxidative stress.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)918-924
Number of pages7
JournalIndian Journal of Experimental Biology
Issue number9
Publication statusPublished - 2010
Externally publishedYes


  • Cardioprotection
  • Inula racemosa
  • Ischemia-reperfusion
  • Myocardial infarction

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biotechnology
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology


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