Cellulose nanocomposite films with in situ generated silver nanoparticles using Cassia alata leaf extract as a reducing agent

P. Sivaranjana, E. R. Nagarajan, N. Rajini, M. Jawaid, A. Varada Rajulu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

48 Citations (Scopus)


Cotton linters were dissolved in aq. (8% LiOH + 15% urea) that was pre-cooled to −12.5 °C. Using this solution cellulose gel films were prepared by regeneration method with ethyl alcohol as a coagulant. These wet films were diffused with 10 wt% Cassia alata leaf extract that acted as a reducing agent. The leaf extract diffused cellulose wet films were used as the matrix. The wet matrix films were dipped individually in lower concentrated 1–5 mM aq.AgNO3 source solutions in the presence of sunlight and allowed the solutions to react with the diffused leaf extract reducing agent which in situ generated the silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) inside the films as well as in the source solution. The AgNPs formed in the source solution were observed by transmission electron microscope (TEM) and scanning electron microscope (SEM) while those formed in situ the films were observed by SEM and the particle size distribution was determined. The cellulose/AgNP composite films showed good antibacterial activity against Escherichia coli bacteria. These nanocomposite films were also characterized by Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy, X-ray diffraction (XRD), thermogravimetric analysis (TGA) and tensile tests. At temperatures below 300 °C, the thermal stability of the nanocomposite films was lower than that of the matrix due to the catalytic effect of AgNPs. The nanocomposite films also possessed good tensile properties. The ecofriendly cellulose/AgNP composite films with good antibacterial activity and tensile properties can be considered for medical applications like dressing materials.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)223-232
Number of pages10
JournalInternational Journal of Biological Macromolecules
Publication statusPublished - Jun 1 2017
Externally publishedYes


  • Antibacterial activity
  • Cassia alata
  • Cellulose
  • In situ generation
  • Silver nanoparticles
  • Tensile properties

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Structural Biology
  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Economics and Econometrics
  • General Energy


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