Although PACAP and VIP exert diverse actions on heart and blood vessels along the vertebrate phylum, no information is currently available concerning the potential role of these peptides on the regulation of the baroreflex response, a major mechanism for blood pressure homeostasis. Consequently, the goal of this study was to examine in our experimental model, the unanesthetized rainbow trout Oncorhynchus mykiss, whether PACAP and VIP are involved in the regulation of the cardiac baroreflex sensitivity (BRS). Cross-spectral analysis techniques using a fast Fourier transform algorithm were employed to calculate the coherence, phase and gain of the transfer function between spontaneous fluctuations of systolic arterial blood pressure and R-R intervals of the electrocardiogram. The BRS was estimated as the mean of the gain of the transfer function when the coherence between the two signals was high and the phase negative. Compared with vehicle, intracerebroventricular (ICV) injections of trout PACAP-27 and trout VIP (25-100. pmol) dose-dependently reduced the cardiac BRS to the same extent with a threshold dose of 50. pmol for a significant effect. When injected intra-arterially at the same doses as for ICV injections, only the highest dose of VIP (100. pmol) significantly attenuated the BRS. These results suggest that the endogenous peptides PACAP and VIP might be implicated in the central control of cardiac baroreflex functions in trout.
- Intra-arterial injection
- Intracerebroventricular injection
- R-R interval and systolic blood pressure variabilities
- Transfer function analysis
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Animal Science and Zoology