Characterization and testing of sol-gel catalysts prepared as thin layers in a plate reactor

Mohamed A. Al-Nakoua, Muftah H. El-Naas, Basim Abu-Jdayil

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Catalytic plate reactors offer many advantages over conventional reactors, including a major reduction in size and much better temperature control. This study examines the characteristics of thin catalyst coats prepared by the sol-gel method and calcined at different conditions. Employing the catalyst as a thin layer (< 100 μm) on the surface of plate reactors reduces mass and heat transfer limitations compared with pellet catalysts and can improve the effectiveness factor. A sol-gel of Ni/Al2O3 catalyst, with good rheological properties and good adherence onto stainless steel substrate, was prepared and characterized. The effects of calcination temperature, nickel content and calcination environment on the catalyst properties were investigated. The results revealed that the highest catalyst surface area was obtained at 400 °C for all calcined coatings. The presence of nitrogen gas during drying and calcining seemed to increase the catalyst surface areas and improve its adherence properties. Rheological evaluation of the prepared coats proved to be an effective tool in characterizing the thin coatings. The Ni/Al2O3 catalyst exhibited high activity and achieved more than 80% conversion for steam reforming of methane. The reactions were not diffusion limited based on the values of activation energy.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1836-1841
Number of pages6
JournalFuel Processing Technology
Volume92
Issue number10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2011

Keywords

  • Catalytic coating
  • Catalytic plate reactor
  • Sol-gel
  • Thin layer catalysts

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Chemical Engineering
  • Fuel Technology
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology

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