This study describes the primary and secondary infertility in patients attending fertility clinics and reports factors associated with primary infertility. A cross-sectional survey was conducted in two fertility clinics in Abu Dhabi Emirate, United Arab Emirates (UAE) between December 2020 and May 2021. The collected information covered sociodemographic, lifestyle, medical, and fertility-related characteristics. The mean age and age at marriage (±SD) of the 928 patients were 35.7 (±6.7) and 25.2 (±6.3) years, respectively. Of the total, 72.0% were obese and overweight, 26.6% reported a consanguineous marriage, and 12.5% were smokers. Secondary infertility (62.5%) was more frequent than primary infertility (37.5%). Primary infertility was inversely associated with age (aOR, 0.94, 95% CI: 0.91–0.98) and not being overweight (aOR, 0.6, 95% CI: 0.4–0.9) while positively associated with a nationality other than Middle Eastern nationality (aOR, 1.9, 95% CI: 1.1–3.3), married for ≤5 years (aOR, 6.0, 95% CI: 3.9–9.3), in a nonconsanguineous marriage (aOR, 2.4, 95% CI: 1.5–3.9), having a respiratory disease (aOR, 2.3, 95% CI: 1.1–4.6), an increased age at puberty (aOR, 1.2, 95% CI: 1.0–1.3), and self-reported 6–<12 months (aOR, 2.4, 95% CI: 1.2–5.1) and ≥12 months (aOR, 3.4, 95% CI: 1.8–6.4) infertility. Patients with primary infertility were more likely to be diagnosed with infertility of an ovulation, tubal, or uterine origin (aOR, 3.9, 95% CI: 1.9–7.9). Secondary infertility was more common than primary infertility. Several preventable fertility-related risk factors including overweight, smoking, and diabetes were found to be common among the fertility clinic attendees.
|Journal||International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health|
|Publication status||Published - Feb 2023|
- primary infertility
- reproductive health
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
- Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis