Characterization of new cellulosic fiber: Dracaena reflexa as a reinforcement for polymer composite structures

P. Manimaran, S. P. Saravanan, M. R. Sanjay, Suchart Siengchin, Mohammad Jawaid, Anish Khan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

124 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The search for novel bio-fibers in the field of the green composite can rise the invention of natural fiber composite and applications. In this work, the physical, chemical, structural, thermal, tensile and surface morphology properties of Dracaena reflexa fiber (DRF) are investigated. The chemical analysis results authorized the higher cellulose (70.32%) and lesser hemicelluloses (11.02%) and lignin (11.35%) existing in DRF. XRD analysis proved that DRF has a relatively higher crystallinity index of 57.32%. The free chemical functional groups presented in DRFs were determined by FT-IR. The DRF is thermally stable up to 230 °C which is greater than the processing temperature of thermoplastics resin. The C2, C3, and C5 peaks intensity of CP/MAS C13 NMR spectra once again confirmed that maximum cellulose present in DRFs. The lower density (790 kg/m3) and higher tensile properties of DRF show the DRF is a suitable alternative to the synthetic fibers.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1952-1963
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Materials Research and Technology
Volume8
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2019
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Cellulosic fiber
  • Dracaena reflexa
  • Morphological properties
  • Structural properties
  • Thermal properties

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ceramics and Composites
  • Biomaterials
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films
  • Metals and Alloys

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