Characterization of silane treated Malaysian Yankee Pineapple AC6 leaf fiber (PALF) towards industrial applications

M. I. Najeeb, M. T.H. Sultan, Yoshito Andou, A. U.M. Shah, Kubra Eksiler, M. Jawaid, A. H. Ariffin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

40 Citations (Scopus)


This research studied the effects of silane treatment at different soaking time: 1, 3, 5 h,on the properties of new variant Yankee's Pineapple AC6 leaf fiber (PALF). The propertiesof untreated and treated PALF was evaluated through several testing. The Si element wasfound on all treated fiber's surface through Energy-Dispersive X-ray, while significant peakswere clearly seen for these treated fibers at 1317.81 and 1100 cm-1 by Fourier TransformInfrared Spectroscopy. X-Ray Diffractor analyses showed small changes on the crystallinityof all treated fiber disregards the treatment and soaking time as compared to untreatedfiber. Improvement on the degradation temperature of all treated fibers to 360°C from 340°C was seen from the thermogravimetric analysis. Maximum surface roughness and tensilestrength were found for treated fibers at 3 h soaking time by atomic force microscope andsingle fiber testing respectively. The analyses suggested the potential Yankee's PALF to beused in composites for various industrial applications.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3128-3139
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Materials Research and Technology
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 2020
Externally publishedYes


  • EDX
  • FTIR
  • Pineapple leaf fiber
  • SEM
  • Surface modification
  • TGA

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ceramics and Composites
  • Biomaterials
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films
  • Metals and Alloys


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