By using only reverse-phase h.p.l.c., three fragments of prosomatostatin were isolated from an extract of a human pancreatic neuroendocrine tumour that produced somatostatin, vasoactive intestinal polypeptide and gastrin-releasing peptide. The amino acid composition of the peptides indicated that they represented prosomatostatin-(1-63)-peptide, prosomatostatin-(65-76)-peptide and prosomatostatin-(79-92)-peptide (somatostatin-14). The identity of prosomatostatin-(1-63)-peptide was confirmed by characterization of the products of digestion with Armillaria mellea (honey fungus) proteinase. Partial micro-sequencing of prosomatostatin-(1-63)-peptide showed that the Gly24-Ala25 bond of preprosomatostatin was the site of cleavage of the signal peptide. Thus human prosomatostatin is a protein of 92 amino acid residues that is proteolytically cleaved in a pancreatic tumour at the site of a dibasic-residue (arginine-lysine) processing site and at a single-monobasic-residue (arginine) processing site.
|Number of pages||5|
|Publication status||Published - 1987|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Biology
- Cell Biology