Chondrodysplasia with multiple dislocations: comprehensive study of a series of 30 cases

E. Ranza, C. Huber, N. Levin, G. Baujat, C. Bole-Feysot, P. Nitschke, C. Masson, Y. Alanay, L. Al-Gazali, P. Bitoun, O. Boute, P. Campeau, C. Coubes, M. McEntagart, N. Elcioglu, L. Faivre, A. Gezdirici, D. Johnson, E. Mihci, B. G. NurL. Perrin, C. Quelin, P. Terhal, B. Tuysuz, V. Cormier-Daire

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

16 Citations (Scopus)


The group of chondrodysplasia with multiple dislocations includes several entities, characterized by short stature, dislocation of large joints, hand and/or vertebral anomalies. Other features, such as epiphyseal or metaphyseal changes, cleft palate, intellectual disability are also often part of the phenotype. In addition, several conditions with overlapping features are related to this group and broaden the spectrum. The majority of these disorders have been linked to pathogenic variants in genes encoding proteins implicated in the synthesis or sulfation of proteoglycans (PG). In a series of 30 patients with multiple dislocations, we have performed exome sequencing and subsequent targeted analysis of 15 genes, implicated in chondrodysplasia with multiple dislocations, and related conditions. We have identified causative pathogenic variants in 60% of patients (18/30); when a clinical diagnosis was suspected, this was molecularly confirmed in 53% of cases. Forty percent of patients remain without molecular etiology. Pathogenic variants in genes implicated in PG synthesis are of major importance in chondrodysplasia with multiple dislocations and related conditions. The combination of hand features, growth failure severity, radiological aspects of long bones and of vertebrae allowed discrimination among the different conditions. We propose key diagnostic clues to the clinician.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)868-880
Number of pages13
JournalClinical Genetics
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2017


  • chondrodysplasia
  • genotype–phenotype correlation
  • joint dislocations
  • proteoglycans
  • targeted NGS

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Genetics
  • Genetics(clinical)


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