Chrysanthemum: A Comprehensive Review on Recent Developments on In Vitro Regeneration

Eman Abdelhakim Eisa, Andrea Tilly-Mándy, Péter Honfi, Awad Yousef Shala, Mayank Anand Gururani

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

9 Citations (Scopus)


Chrysanthemum is a flowering plant grown worldwide and is one of the most popular ornamental plants. Chrysanthemums are usually cultivated using root suckers and shoot cuttings. This conventional technique is relatively slow. In addition, as cuttings are gained regularly from mother plants, there is a chance of viral infection and degeneration, which raises the production cost. The hurdles mentioned above have been managed by applying in vitro propagation techniques, which can enhance reproduction rates through in vitro culture and use very small explants, which are impossible with the conventional approach. Usually, it is difficult to get true-to-type plants as the parents with good quality, but clonal propagation of a designated elite species makes it possible. Hence, this review highlights recent studies of the in vitro propagation of Chrysanthemum included; the appropriate explant sources, medium compositions, alternative disinfection of culture media, plant growth regulators (PGRs), different mutagenesis applications, acclimatization efficiency, and alternative light sources to overcome the shortcomings of conventional propagation techniques.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1774
Issue number12
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2022


  • Chrysanthemum
  • acclimatization
  • alternative disinfections
  • alternative light sources
  • explant sources
  • in vitro propagation
  • medium compositions
  • mutagenesis
  • true-to-type plants

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Biochemistry,Genetics and Molecular Biology
  • General Immunology and Microbiology
  • General Agricultural and Biological Sciences


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