Isovaleric acidemia (IVA) is an autosomal recessive inborn error of leucine metabolism caused by deficiency of mitochondrial isovaleryl-CoA dehydrogenase (IVD). Accumulation of isovaleryl-CoA derivatives to toxic levels results in clinical symptoms of the disease. Here, we investigate the clinical and molecular features of Arab patients with IVA. Patients from five unrelated families were evaluated clinically and for defects in the IVD gene. Four novel mutations (p.F382fs, p.R392H, p.R395Q and p.E408K) have been identified with p.R395Q occurring in two families. In addition, molecular modeling of the identified missense mutations predicted their damaging effects on the protein and computational analysis of the p.F382fs mutation predicted the disruption of a 3' splicing site resulting in inactive or unstable gene product. Furthermore, we found an unusual case of a 17 years old female homozygous for the p.R392H mutation with no clinical symptoms. Our results illustrate a heterogeneous mutation spectrum and clinical presentation in the relatively small UAE population.
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||European Journal of Medical Genetics|
|Publication status||Published - Dec 2012|
- Isovaleric acidemia
- Isovaleryl-CoA dehydrogenase
ASJC Scopus subject areas