Clinical picture of childhood type 1 diabetes mellitus in the Eastern Province of Saudi Arabia

Naji A. Kulaylat, Hassib Narchi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

18 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Aim: Study of the clinical presentation and laboratory data of type 1 diabetes in the Eastern Province of Saudi Arabia. Methods: The medical records of all affected children during the period 1986-1997 were reviewed for the analysis of clinical and laboratory data. Results: Type 1 diabetes was diagnosed in 46 children, 27 girls and 19 boys, with a mean age at diagnosis of 9.0 yr. The mean duration of symptoms prior to diagnosis was 12.5d. Depressed consciousness occurred in 10.8% of the patients (none was comatose) and ketoacidosis in 77%. There was no episode of increased intracranial pressure during treatment, nor was there any death. There was a correlation between the central nervous system depression and the degree of hyperglycemia, and also with the severity of acidosis. Conclusions: Although more than three quarters of patients with type 1 diabetes had ketoacidosis on presentation, none was comatose or developed clinical cerebral edema during treatment. The presentation of type 1 diabetes in children from Saudi Arabia seems to differ from reports from developed countries.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)43-47
Number of pages5
JournalPediatric Diabetes
Volume2
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2001
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Clinical picture
  • Type 1 diabetes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Internal Medicine
  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism

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