Cluster C personality disorders in major depressive episodes: The relationship between hostility and suicidal behavior

Kanita Dervic, Michael F. Grunebaum, Ainsley K. Burke, J. John Mann, Maria A. Oquendo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

11 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

There is some evidence for an association between Cluster C Personality Disorders (CCPD) and suicidal behavior. We compared depressed inpatients with and without CCPD in terms of suicidal behavior and associated psychopathology. Cluster A or B personality disorder co-morbidity were exclusion criteria for both groups (cases and controls). Depressed inpatients with "pure" CCPD had higher levels of suicidal ideation but not more previous suicide attempts compared with patients without CCPD. Greater suicidal ideation in depressed patients with CCPD in our study was associated with more hostility. Future studies examining the relationship between suicidal ideation and hostility in CCPD may clarify whether treatment focused on hostility might be of use for decreasing suicidal ideation in depressed patients with CCPD (Spitzer, Williams, Gibbon et al., 1990).

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)83-90
Number of pages8
JournalArchives of Suicide Research
Volume11
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 2007
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Cluster C personality disorders
  • Depression
  • Hostility
  • Suicide

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Psychology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

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