Common viral and bacterial avian respiratory infections: an updated review

Nahed Yehia, Heba M. Salem, Yasser Mahmmod, Dalia Said, Mahmoud Samir, Sara Abdel Mawgod, Hend K. Sorour, Mona A.A. AbdelRahman, Samy Selim, Ahmed M. Saad, Mohamed T. El-Saadony, Rasha M. El-Meihy, Mohamed E. Abd El-Hack, Khaled A. El-Tarabily, Ali M. Zanaty

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

15 Citations (Scopus)


Many pathogens that cause chronic diseases in birds use the respiratory tract as a primary route of infection, and respiratory disorders are the main leading source of financial losses in the poultry business. Respiratory infections are a serious problem facing the poultry sector, causing severe economic losses. Avian influenza virus, Newcastle disease virus, infectious bronchitis virus, and avian pneumovirus are particularly serious viral respiratory pathogens. Mycoplasma gallisepticum, Staphylococcus, Bordetella avium, Pasteurella multocida, Riemerella anatipestifer, Chlamydophila psittaci, and Escherichia coli have been identified as the most serious bacterial respiratory pathogens in poultry. This review gives an updated summary, incorporating the latest data, about the evidence for the circulation of widespread, economically important poultry respiratory pathogens, with special reference to possible methods for the control and prevention of these pathogens.

Original languageEnglish
Article number102553
JournalPoultry science
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - May 2023


  • avian respiratory pathogen
  • clinicopathological characteristic
  • disease control
  • poultry
  • vaccine

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Animal Science and Zoology


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