Community Mental Health Services in Egypt

Tarek Ahmed Okasha, Nermin Mahmoud Shaker, Dina Mohamed Aly Elgabry

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Citations (Scopus)


As far back as the 14th Century, Egypt had already developed mental health care in a community-based sense in Kalaoon Hospital in Cairo, 600 years before similar institutions were founded across the globe. By 2001, an Egyptian-Finnish bilateral comprehensive reform program was incorporated. A few years later, in 2007, the Minister of Health and Population initiated a proper appraisal of the mental health services in Egypt, which was aimed at achieving better integration and coordination in the mental health sector, as well as supervision and training on the national, governmental, and primary care levels. By 2009, the Mental Health Act of 2009 (Law 71) brought basic conceptual changes to the care of people with a mental illness in Egyptian institutions, replacing the outdated 1944 law that had been used in Egypt for decades. However, despite all of the important steps Egypt is taking to move toward more integrated mental health services, more effort and resources are still needed to fight against stigma and to develop a comprehensive multidisciplinary approach that is approachable and effective to all those who need it.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)123-128
Number of pages6
JournalConsortium Psychiatricum
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2022
Externally publishedYes


  • community services
  • Egypt
  • mental health

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Clinical Psychology


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