Compact stars with exotic matter

Ksh Newton Singh, Amna Ali, Farook Rahaman, Salah Nasri

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

17 Citations (Scopus)


In this paper we employ Tolman VII solution with exotic matter that may be present in the extremely dense core of compact objects. The Tolman VII solution, an exact analytic solution to the spherically symmetric, static Einstein field equations with a perfect fluid source, has many characteristics that make it interesting for modeling high density stellar astronomical objects. For our purpose we use generalized non-linear equation of state which may incorporate exotic matter along with dust, radiation and dark energy. The equation of state (EoS) has a linear contribution comprising quark/radiation matters and a nonlinear contribution comprising dark energy/exotic matters. The amount of exotic matter contain can be modify by a parameter n which can be linked to adiabatic index. As n increases the exotic contribution increases which stiffens the EoS. The physical properties of the model such as pressure, density, mass function, surface redshift, gravitational redshift are examined and the stability of the stellar configuration is discussed in details. The model has promising features as it satisfies all energy conditions and is free from central singularities. The M−R relation is constructed analytically and the maximum mass and its corresponding radius is determined using the exact solutions and is shown to satisfy various observational stellar compact stars.

Original languageEnglish
Article number100575
JournalPhysics of the Dark Universe
Publication statusPublished - Sept 2020


  • Exact solutions and relativistic stars
  • Structure and stability

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science


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