Comparative Analysis of Pollutant Levels during Lockdowns Across Different Land-Use over the Emirate of Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates

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Abstract

The outbreak of the COVID-19 pandemic has had a significant effect on people all over the world, posing health, economic, and social threats to the entire human population. As a part of preventive measures, at the end of March 2020 the UAE promulgated various lockdown measures to reduce the risk of the pandemic, which have a major impact on its local air quality levels. This research investigates the effect of the lockdown measures on the levels of the air pollutants like NO2 and PM2.5in Abu Dhabi Emirate using air quality stations data for the months of March and April 2020. Overall, NO2 levels have fallen dramatically by a range of 19% to 60% across all land use areas within the Emirate. Conversely, PM2.5 levels varied during the lockdown in April 2020, with increases ranging from 31% to 65% in rural and suburban industrial areas and decreases ranging from 2% to 33% in urban and suburban population areas. It can be observed that the lockdown measures had a huge impact on the NO2 levels due to reduced transportation and human activities while PM2.5 levels displayed great variability. The statistical analysis shows a significant moderate positive relationship (rs 0.476) at 0.05 level between NO2 and traffic volume crossing Musaffah Bridge.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)205-220
Number of pages16
JournalArab World Geographer
Volume24
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sep 1 2021

Keywords

  • Air Quality
  • Lockdown Measures
  • Nitrogen Dioxide
  • Particulate Matter 2.5
  • Transportation Pollution

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geography, Planning and Development
  • Earth-Surface Processes

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