Comparative Study of the Selective Sorption of Organic Dyes on Inorganic Materials—A Cost-Effective Method for Waste Treatment in Educational and Small Research Laboratories

Anifat Adenike Bankole, Vijo Poulose, Tholkappiyan Ramachandran, Fathalla Hamed, Thies Thiemann

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Educational and research laboratories often produce relatively small amounts of highly diverse organic wastes. Treating waste can contribute significantly to the cost of running laboratories. This study introduced a simple and economical waste management system such that readily available used chromatography-grade inorganic materials, such as silica and alumina (basic and acidic), are utilized to treat remnant dye solutions and solution wastes from educational and small research laboratories. To recycle the adsorbents, they were heated to 600 °C, where the adsorbates were combusted. The results showed that acidic alumina is an effective adsorbent material for azo dyes and anionic dyes/stains, as well as textile dyes, with a 98 to 100% removal efficiency. Furthermore, alumina and silica possess excellent regeneration properties, where the dye removal efficiency of the materials was retained after regeneration at 600 °C. The adsorption properties of the materials were compared with those of aliginite and activated biomass from coffee grounds. Kinetic and thermodynamic studies of the sorption processes on the different materials were carried out. Overall, the inorganic materials used were efficient at removing contaminating remnant organic dyes stemming from educational and small research laboratories.

Original languageEnglish
Article number144
JournalSeparations
Volume9
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2022

Keywords

  • Acidic alumina
  • Adsorption
  • Kinetics
  • Regeneration
  • Remnant dyes
  • Silica
  • Thermodynamics

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Analytical Chemistry
  • Filtration and Separation

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