The vascular responses to neuropeptide Y (NPY) and peptide YY (PYY) were tested in several species of elasmobranchs to assess whether changes in sequence in these neuropeptides from elasmobranchs to mammals are associated with different physiological responses. NPY-like immunoreactivity was detected in the gut and in nerve fibres surrounding some, but not all, blood vessels of six species. Intravenous injection of dogfish, frog and human NPY in anaesthetised fish caused similar vasopressor effects in the three species tested, except human NPY which lowered blood pressure in one of the three. Dogfish NPY and PYY were equipotent pressor agents in two species, but PYY was significantly more potent than NPY in one species. NPY and PYY both contracted isolated gut arteries from three species, but had no effect on isolated efferent arteries tested. In conclusion, differential vascular responses in elasmobranchs are not associated with changes in NPY sequence across vertebrates, but may be with changes in PYY in some species. Copyright (C) 1998 Elsevier Science B.V.
- Blood pressure
- Isolated vessels
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Clinical Biochemistry
- Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience