Comparing asymmetric price efficiency in regional ESG markets before and during COVID-19

Muhammad Abubakr Naeem, Imran Yousaf, Sitara Karim, Aviral Kumar Tiwari, Saqib Farid

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

38 Citations (Scopus)


The ever-emerging environmental, social, and governance (ESG) concerns have received significant attention of policymakers, governments, regulation bodies, and investors. Considering the markets volatilities due to economic and financial uncertainties that can drive the informational price inefficiencies across the markets, this study compares the asymmetric price efficiency of regional ESG markets by using an asymmetric multifractal detrended fluctuation analysis before and during COVID-19 crisis. We then examine whether global factors influence the asymmetric efficiency of regional ESG markets. Our findings reveal that COVID-19 outbreak reduced the efficiency of regional ESG markets, except for Europe, which sustained its efficiency even during the pandemic. Moreover, global factors drive the efficiency of regional ESG markets significantly before and during COVID-19. A major implication of our findings stems from the fact that a contagion reduces the efficiency of the markets while stable economic conditions make those markets informationally efficient.

Original languageEnglish
Article number106095
JournalEconomic Modelling
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2023


  • Asymmetry
  • COVID-19
  • ESG indexes
  • Global factors
  • Price efficiency

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Economics and Econometrics


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