Comparing Islamic and conventional stock markets in GCC: a TVP-VAR analysis

Muhammad Abubakr Naeem, Shabeer Khan, Mohd Ziaur Rehman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Purpose: This study investigates the dynamic interdependence between Islamic and conventional stock markets in the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) economies and the influence of global financial uncertainties on this interconnection. Design/methodology/approach: The study employs the time-varying parameter vector autoregressions (TVP-VAR) technique and analyzes daily data from December 1, 2008 to July 14, 2021. Findings: The research reveals robust interconnectedness within individual countries between Islamic and conventional stock markets, particularly during crises. Islamic stock markets exhibit greater susceptibility to spillover effects compared to conventional stocks. The UAE and Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (KSA) stock markets are identified as net transmitters of spillovers, while Oman, Bahrain and Kuwait receive more spillovers than they transmit. Global financial uncertainty measures (GVZ, USEPU and UKEPU) positively influence financial market interconnectedness, with EVZ exhibiting a negative impact while VIX and OVX remain statistically insignificant. Practical implications: Investors and portfolio managers in Oman, Bahrain and Kuwait should carefully evaluate the UAE and KSA markets before making investment decisions due to the latter's role as net transmitters in the region. Additionally, it is emphasized that Islamic and conventional stocks should not be considered interchangeable asset classes for risk hedging. Social implications: Investors must be aware that Islamic and conventional stocks cannot be used as an alternative asset class to hedge risk. Originality/value: The present article offers valuable insights for practitioners and researchers delving into the comparative analysis of Islamic and conventional stock markets within the GCC context. It enhances our comprehension of the dynamic interdependence between Islamic and conventional stock markets in the GCC economies and the impact of global financial uncertainties on this intricate relationship.

Original languageEnglish
JournalInternational Journal of Emerging Markets
DOIs
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 2024
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Connectedness
  • Conventional stock
  • GCC
  • Islamic stock
  • TVP-VAR

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Business,Management and Accounting

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