Composite formation from hydroxyapatite with sodium and potassium salts of polyphosphazene

Y. E. Greish, J. D. Bender, S. Lakshmi, P. W. Brown, H. R. Allcock, C. T. Laurencin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

26 Citations (Scopus)


The low temperature synthesis of composites potentially suitable as bone substitutes which form in vivo, was investigated. The composites were comprised of stoichiometric hydroxyapatite (SHAp) and water-soluble poly phosphazenes. These constituents were selected because of their biocompatibility, and were mixed as powders with a phosphate buffer solution (PBS) to form the composites. The effects of poly[bis(sodium carboxylatophenoxy)phosphazene] (Na-PCPP) or poly[bis(potassium carboxylatophenoxy) phosphazene] (K-PCPP) on stoichiometric hydroxyapatite (SHAp) formation from tetracalcium phosphate and anhydrous dicalcium phosphate were assessed. The kinetics and reaction chemistries of composite formation were followed by isothermal calorimetry, X-ray diffraction, infrared spectroscopy and scanning electron microscopy. In the presence of 1% by weight of polyphosphazenes, composites comprised of SHAp and calcium cross-linked polymer salts were formed. Thus a mechanism for binding between polymer chains was established. Elevated proportions (5 and 10% by weight) of polyphosphazene, however, resulted in the inhibition of SHAp formation. This is attributed to the formation of viscous polymer solution coatings on the calcium phosphate precursors, retarding their reaction, and consequently inhibiting SHAp formation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)613-620
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Materials Science: Materials in Medicine
Issue number7
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2005
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biophysics
  • Bioengineering
  • Biomaterials
  • Biomedical Engineering


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