Compounding in Greek as Phrasal Syntax

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This paper provides a syntactic analysis of two types of compounds in Greek: synthetic and phrasal compounds derived from agentive nominalizations of verbal strings containing an internal argument of the verb. The analysis is couched within a ‘morphology as syntax’ account and uses independently motivated syntactic tools to show that both types of compounds are derived in syntax proper without any need for a separate morphological component. The differences in the syntactic properties of the two types of compounds are explained with reference to the ‘size’ or ‘complexity’ of the projected internal arguments, which can be either ‘roots’, in the case of synthetic compounds, or unquantized nominals projected as NumPs, which require special licensing conditions in the case of phrasal compounds. Differences in prosodic and semantic interpretation are also explained with reference to phase theory and the type/number of phase domains within the structure of the two types of compounds.

Original languageEnglish
Article number151
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2022


  • Greek
  • morphology as syntax
  • phrasal compounds
  • synthetic compounds

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Language and Linguistics
  • Linguistics and Language


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