Comprehensive mapping of the exterior architecture of the dromedary camel brain

Ahmad Al Aiyan, Rinsha Balan, Senit Gebreigziabiher, Simona Zerom, Yotam Mihreteab, Even Ghebrehiwot, Adnan AlDarwich, Arve Lee Willingham, Uday Kishore

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The morphological perspective of the camel brain remains largely unexplored. Therefore, studying the topography of the camel brain is of crucial importance. This study aimed to provide a detailed color-coded topographic representation of the camel brain's gross anatomy and nomenclature, showing its various gyri and sulci and their borders. We compared them to previously known information to develop a detailed description of camel brain exterior architecture. Our research identified distinctive gyri and sulci with discrete positions and surrounding structures, allowing us to define sulci boundaries and establish logical gyri nomenclature. This study uncovered previously overlooked gyri and sulci and improved descriptions of specific sulci. The ectomarginal sulcus, splenial sulcus, splenial gyrus, and ectogenual gyrus are a few examples. These findings highlight several unique anatomical features of the dromedary brain, which can guide future research. By providing a comprehensive examination of the distinctive exterior anatomical features of the camel brain, this study may serve as a point of convergence for all researchers, providing more accurate identification of the gyri and sulci.

Original languageEnglish
Article number2971
JournalScientific reports
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2024

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General


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