Computational Modeling of the Interactions between DPP IV and Hemorphins

Priya Antony, Bincy Baby, Amie Jobe, Ranjit Vijayan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Type 2 diabetes is a chronic metabolic disorder characterized by high blood glucose levels due to either insufficient insulin production or ineffective utilization of insulin by the body. The enzyme dipeptidyl peptidase IV (DPP IV) plays a crucial role in degrading incretins that stimulate insulin secretion. Therefore, the inhibition of DPP IV is an established approach for the treatment of diabetes. Hemorphins are a class of short endogenous bioactive peptides produced by the enzymatic degradation of hemoglobin chains. Numerous in vitro and in vivo physiological effects of hemorphins, including DPP IV inhibiting activity, have been documented in different systems and tissues. However, the underlying molecular binding behavior of these peptides with DPP IV remains unknown. Here, computational approaches such as protein–peptide molecular docking and extensive molecular dynamics (MD) simulations were employed to identify the binding pose and stability of peptides in the active site of DPP IV. Findings indicate that hemorphins lacking the hydrophobic residues LVV and VV at the N terminal region strongly bind to the conserved residues in the active site of DPP IV. Furthermore, interactions with these critical residues were sustained throughout the duration of multiple 500 ns MD simulations. Notably, hemorphin 7 showed higher binding affinity and sustained interactions by binding to S1 and S2 pockets of DPP IV.

Original languageEnglish
Article number3059
JournalInternational journal of molecular sciences
Volume25
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2024

Keywords

  • diabetes
  • dipeptidyl peptidase IV
  • hemorphins
  • molecular dynamics

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Catalysis
  • Molecular Biology
  • Spectroscopy
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Organic Chemistry
  • Inorganic Chemistry

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