Constructing S-Scheme Heterojunction of CoAlLa-LDH/g-C3N4through Monolayer Ti3C2-MXene to Promote Photocatalytic CO2Re-forming of Methane to Solar Fuels

Azmat Ali Khan, Muhammad Tahir

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

47 Citations (Scopus)


Multi-heterostructure interfaces of CoAlLa-LDH with porous g-C3N4 on monolayer Ti3C2-MXene was designed to get double-S-scheme heterojunction through in situ grown titania nanoparticles using a single-step ultrasonic assisted hydrothermal approach. The Ti3C2 MXene nanotexture embedded TiO2 NPs provides 3D nanotexture for promoting the interface interaction of g-C3N4 with CoAlLa-LDH. The g-C3N4/Ti3C2T/CoAlLa-LDH dual-S-scheme assembly possesses merits of conductive and semiconductive components with higher charges separation. The photoactivity test was conducted for CO2 reduction through different re-forming systems such as dry re-forming of methane (DRM) and bi-re-forming of methane (BRM), whereas acidic and basic sites over the composite enabled the attachment of both the CO2 and CH4 molecules for their activation under solar energy. The electron rich composite resulted in CO and H2 production of 55.25 and 54.72 μmol g-1 h-1, respectively under visible light during DRM process. These amounts of CO and H2 were many folds higher than the pristine g-C3N4 and LDH samples. This significant performance was ascribed to the strong interfacial interaction with a dual-step-scheme formation and electron rich linkers of oxygen defective La/Ti sites for superior charge-transfer separation. More importantly, by introducing water to CO2/CH4, a further efficiency was enhanced due to more utilization of holes. The hydrogen rich syngas production through feed ratio and reducing agents with tremendous stability further endorses good sorption characteristics of newly developed nanotextures. This electrostatic attraction approach presented a promising route for the rational design of layered multicomponent heterojunctions with 2D/2D/2D architecture for CO2 reduction to solar fuels.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)784-806
Number of pages23
JournalACS Applied Energy Materials
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Jan 24 2022


  • 2D g-CNnanosheets
  • dual-step scheme
  • electrons rich lanthanum mediator
  • intimate interfacial contact
  • multilayers TiCT MXene
  • photocatalytic bi-re-forming of methane (BRM)
  • trimetallic CoAlLa-LDH

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemical Engineering (miscellaneous)
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • Electrochemistry
  • Materials Chemistry
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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