Construction of a binder-free PANI-CQD-Cu electrode via an electrochemical method for flexible supercapacitor applications

Esakkimuthu Shanmugasundaram, Vigneshkumar Ganesan, Vimalasruthi Narayanan, Kannan Vellaisamy, Na'il Saleh, Stalin Thambusamy

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)


In recent years, flexible hybrid supercapacitors (FSCs) have played a significant role in energy storage applications owing to their superior flexibility and electrochemical properties. In this study, carbon quantum dots (CQDs) were prepared from ascorbic acid via a hydrothermal method and physical and chemical characterizations were performed. Then, the carbon quantum dots (CQDs) were doped with polyaniline (PANI) and copper (Cu) to form a PANI-CQD-Cu composite coated on carbon cloth (CC) using an electropolymerization method. In the polymerization process, CQDs bind with the PANI chain and form a PANI-CQD-Cu composite. The prepared electrode's functional group and surface morphology were characterized through XRD, Raman, BET, XPS and SEM with EDAX studies. The electrochemical properties of the PANI-CQD-Cu electrode were investigated using cyclic voltammetry, impedance spectroscopy and galvanostatic charge-discharge study. The capacitance value of PANI-CQD-Cu was 1070 mF cm−2 at 5 mA cm−2 (1070 F g−1 at 1 A g−1), which was higher than that of PANI (775 mF cm−2). Moreover, a flexible asymmetric supercapacitor (FASC) based on an activated carbon/PVA-H2SO4/PANI-CQD-Cu device was fabricated, which exhibited outstanding energy and power densities of 23.10 μW h cm−2 and 0.978 mW cm−2, respectively. The capacitance value remained at 92% after 3000 cycles. The outcome results indicated that the PANI-CQD-Cu-coated CC electrode material can be a promising electrode material for practical energy storage applications.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1765-1780
Number of pages16
JournalNanoscale Advances
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - Mar 4 2024

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Bioengineering
  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics
  • General Chemistry
  • General Materials Science
  • General Engineering


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