Contrasting genome patterns of two pseudomonas strains isolated from the date palm rhizosphere to assess survival in a hot arid environment

Shahana Seher Malik, Naganeeswaran Sudalaimuthuasari, Biduth Kundu, Raja S. AlMaskari, Sunil Mundra

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)


The plant growth-promoting rhizobacteria (PGPRs) improve plant growth and fitness by multiple direct (nitrogen fixation and phosphate solubilization) and indirect (inducing systematic resistance against phytopathogens, soil nutrient stabilization, and maintenance) mechanisms. Nevertheless, the mechanisms by which PGPRs promote plant growth in hot and arid environments remain poorly recorded. In this study, a comparative genome analysis of two phosphate solubilizing bacteria, Pseudomonas atacamensis SM1 and Pseudomonas toyotomiensis SM2, isolated from the rhizosphere of date palm was performed. The abundance of genes conferring stress tolerance (chaperones, heat shock genes, and chemotaxis) and supporting plant growth (plant growth hormone, root colonization, nitrogen fixation, and phosphate solubilization) were compared among the two isolates. This study further evaluated their functions, metabolic pathways, and evolutionary relationship. Results show that both bacterial strains have gene clusters required for plant growth promotion (phosphate solubilization and root colonization), but it is more abundant in P. atacamensis SM1 than in P. toyotomiensis SM2. Genes involved in stress tolerance (mcp, rbs, wsp, and mot), heat shock, and chaperones (hslJ and hslR) were also more common in P. atacamensis SM1. These findings suggest that P. atacamensis SM1could have better adaptability to the hot and arid environment owing to a higher abundance of chaperone genes and heat shock proteins. It may promote plant growth owing to a higher load of root colonization and phosphate solubilization genes and warrants further in vitro study.

Original languageEnglish
Article number207
JournalWorld Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology
Issue number11
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2022


  • Arid environment
  • Comparative genomics
  • Date palm
  • Plant growth-promoting rhizobacteria
  • Pseudomonas
  • Stress tolerance

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biotechnology
  • Physiology
  • Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology


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