Controllable dynamics of oxygen vacancies through extrinsic doping for superior catalytic activities

Adnan Younis, Sagar E. Shirsath, Babar Shabbir, Sean Li

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

37 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Due to its strong redox ability, high stability, cost effectiveness and non-toxicity, cerium oxide (CeO2) has been extensively researched as an active photocatalyst material. The underlying photocatalytic reactions are mostly associated with the transportation of oxygen ions through vacancies, but the actual transport phenomenon had not been clearly understood. In this work, gadolinium (Gd) is sequentially doped into CeO2 to investigate how extrinsic doping can modulate oxygen vacancies in CeO2 and influence photocatalytic activities. From our investigations, it was found that the Gd doping may induce structural symmetry breaking leading to a pure CeO2 fluorite structure that transforms mobile oxygen vacancies into clustered or immobile vacancies. When the vacancies were set as "mobile" (for Gd doping levels ≤15 at%), maximum photocatalytic activities were obtained. In contrast, suppressed photocatalytic efficiencies were noted for higher Gd doping levels (20 at% or more). The results reported in this research may provide an extra degree of freedom in the form of extrinsic doping to configure the oxygen vacancy defects and their mobility to achieve better catalytic efficiencies.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)18576-18585
Number of pages10
JournalNanoscale
Volume10
Issue number39
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 21 2018
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Materials Science

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