Convective heat transfer into moving fluid from a heated prolate spheroid

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1 Citation (Scopus)


A common assumption in heat transfer models that involve fluid-solid interactions is that solid particles have a spherical shape. However, in numerous engineering applications, it is crucial to gain insights into the heat transfer mechanisms involving non-spherical particles and flowing fluids. These processes often employ particles with altered shapes, such as elongated geometries resembling prolate spheroids. A numerical study of airflow past a stationary constrained prolate spheroid under forced convective heat transfer is performed. A large temperature difference of the spheroid's surface was maintained relative to free stream temperature. Navier-Stokes and energy equations were solved to investigate the impact of Reynolds number (Re) and aspect ratio (AR) on convective heat transfer rate and Nusselt number (Nu). We focus on a wide range of spheroids' surface temperatures up to 1500 K in our study, which has never been studied in depth before. The simulations show that the mean Nu has a positive dependence on Ts, AR, and Re. A new correlation has been introduced that calculates the average Nusselt number (Nu) for spheroidal particles without assuming an isothermal condition (where the surface temperature Ts is roughly equal to the ambient temperature T). The suggested correlation incorporates the influence of AR, surface temperature, and Re.

Original languageEnglish
Article number100674
JournalInternational Journal of Thermofluids
Publication statusPublished - May 2024


  • Forced convection
  • Heat transfer
  • Laminar flow
  • Nu correlation
  • Prolate spheroid

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Fluid Flow and Transfer Processes


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