Correlates of smoking among adolescents with asthma

Su Er Guo, Pamela A. Ratner, Joy L. Johnson, Chizimuzo T.C. Okoli, Shahadut Hossain

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    15 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    Aims and objective: This study examined the correlates of smoking among asthmatic adolescents to gain a better understanding of who is at particular risk. Background: Smoking is especially harmful to individuals with asthma. However, smoking is surprisingly prevalent among asthmatic individuals, with prevalence rates similar to or higher than those of the general adult or adolescent populations. Despite this notable finding, there has been little research about factors (i.e. biophysical, psychosocial and behavioural) influencing asthmatic adolescents' tobacco use patterns. Design: A Canadian provincial cross-sectional survey. Method: The study about adolescents' tobacco use and health status was conducted in secondary schools in 2004, 608 asthmatic adolescents participated. Demographic factors, biophysical (body mass index and physical health), psychosocial factors (parents' and peers' smoking, environmental tobacco smoke exposure and depression) and behavioural factors (marijuana use, alcohol use and exercise frequency) were explored. Multinomial logistic regression analyses were conducted to identify risk factors associated with tobacco use. Results and conclusions: Of the 608 asthmatic adolescents, 17·4% currently smoked and 12·0% formerly smoked. Girls, compared with boys, were more likely to smoke (OR: 3·34, 95% CI: 1·62-6·96) after adjusting for differences in the other demographic, biophysical, psychosocial and behavioural factors. Asthmatic girls who had relatively higher body mass index, were in the higher school grades, used marijuana or alcohol, had minor to severe depressive symptoms, had environmental tobacco smoke exposure in their homes and had friends who smoked or were currently more likely to smoke. The former smokers had similar risk factors including higher body mass index, environmental tobacco smoke exposure at home, friends who smoked and marijuana use. Relevance to clinical practice: Despite their health condition, asthmatic adolescents continue currently or formerly to smoke. Gender appropriate prevention and cessation interventions for asthmatic adolescents may need to address important psychosocial and environmental factors that increase the risk of these adolescents initiating and maintaining tobacco use.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)701-711
    Number of pages11
    JournalJournal of Clinical Nursing
    Volume19
    Issue number5-6
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - Mar 2010

    Keywords

    • Depression
    • ETS exposure
    • Gender
    • Respiratory disease
    • Risk factors
    • Tobacco use

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • General Nursing

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