Co+2, Ni+2 and Cu+2 incorporated Bi2O3 nano photocatalysts: Synthesis, DFT analysis of band gap modification, adsorption and photodegradation analysis of rhodamine B and Triclopyr

Anuradha Sharma, Shankar Sharma, Naveen Kumar, W. A. Diery, Elie A. Moujaes, Muhammad Tahir, Pardeep Singh

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6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This study deals with the fabrication of metal ion (M = Co+2, Ni+2, and Cu+2) doped- Bi2O3 photocatalysts by solution combustion method. All the synthesized materials were characterized and analysed with the help of XRD, FESEM, EDX, HRTEM, UVDRS, Zeta potential, PL, and LCMS techniques for the structural, morphological, surface charge, optical and degradation pathways characteristics. Synthesized compounds were used for the decontamination (adsorption and degradation) of two organic pollutants namely Rhodamine B and Triclopyr. Adsorption aspects of the pollutants were studied in terms of different isotherm, kinetic and thermodynamic models. Adsorption phenomenon was best fitted with the Freundlich (R2 = 0.992) and Langmuir isotherm (R2 = 0.999) models along with pseudo second order model of kinetics for RhB and TC, respectively. Moreover, the thermodynamic parameters indicated exothermic and endothermic adsorption (ΔH ° (−7.19 kJ/mol) for RhB) and (ΔH ° (52.335 kJ/mol) for TC), respectively. Evaluated negative values of ΔG ° indicated spontaneous adsorption with most favourable at 298 K and 318 K for both the pollutants (RhB and TC) respectively. Modification with metal ions significantly improved the removal efficiency of pure Bi2O3 photocatalyst and followed the trend Co+2/Bi2O3 > Ni+2/Bi2O3 > Cu+2/Bi2O3 > Bi2O3. DFT calculations demonstrate that amongst the doped materials, only Co+2/Bi2O3 is characterized by an indirect band gap; which exhibited efficacious photocatalytic activity. Besides, the highest degradation efficiency was obtained in the case of Co+2/Bi2O3 (2 mol %); being 99.80% for RhB in 30 min and 98.50% for TC in 60 min, respectively. The doped nanostructures lead to higher absorption of visible light and more separation of light-induced charged carriers. Effect of pH of the reaction medium and role of reactive oxygen species was also examined. Finally, a probable mechanism of charge transfer and degradation of the pollutants was also presented.

Original languageEnglish
Article number116478
JournalEnvironmental Research
Volume233
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sept 15 2023

Keywords

  • Bismuth oxide
  • Characterization
  • Degradation
  • DFT
  • Doped
  • Photocatalysis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • General Environmental Science

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