COVID-19 economic policy response, resilience and tourism recovery

Luke Okafor, Usman Khalid, Sasidaran Gopalan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

17 Citations (Scopus)


This study investigates whether tourism sector recovery from the COVID-19 pandemic is influenced by only the size of the economic stimulus packages or whether a country's resilience plays a moderating influence in the underlying relationship. The results show that while economic stimulus packages help to enhance tourism recovery from the COVID-19 pandemic, it is contingent on the level of a country's resilience. For instance, amongst the less resilient countries, the impact of economic policy response on the tourism recovery is more pronounced, but the effect dissipates as countries become more resilient. These findings have important implications for policymakers, management teams, and relevant stakeholders in their effort to revive the tourism sector from the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic.

Original languageEnglish
Article number100073
JournalAnnals of Tourism Research Empirical Insights
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2022


  • COVID-19 pandemic
  • Crisis management policies
  • Economic policy response
  • Economic stimulus packages
  • Resilience
  • Tourism recovery

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geography, Planning and Development
  • Sociology and Political Science
  • Tourism, Leisure and Hospitality Management
  • Marketing


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