COVID-19-related job insecurity and employees’ behavioral outcomes: mediating role of emotional exhaustion and moderating role of symmetrical internal communication

Abdul Karim Khan, Maria Khalid, Nida Abbas, Shehryar Khalid

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

29 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Purpose: This study aims to examine the impact of COVID-19-related job insecurity on two types of employees’ behaviors: family undermining and withdrawal. This study also proposes emotional exhaustion as a mediator and symmetrical internal communication as a moderator in the relationship between COVID-19-related job insecurity and employees’ behaviors. Design/methodology/approach: Using a time-lagged design, data were gathered from 193 employees working in Pakistan’s hospitality sector. Structural equation modeling in AMOS and PROCESS Macro were used to test the hypotheses. Findings: The results show that COVID-19-related job insecurity is positively related to family undermining and withdrawal behaviors, and these associations are mediated by emotional exhaustion. Furthermore, symmetrical internal communication weakens the positive influence of COVID-19-related job insecurity on emotional exhaustion. Additionally, the indirect impact of COVID-19-related job insecurity on employees’ behavioral outcomes via emotional exhaustion is stronger for employees with low symmetrical internal communication than for those with high levels of symmetrical internal communication. Practical implications: Hospitality management needs to focus on transparent and horizontal communication patterns to reduce the ensuing negative behaviors from COVID-19-related job insecurity. Originality/value: To the best of the authors’ knowledge, this is the first study to examine the impact of COVID-19-related job insecurity on two types of employees’ behaviors: family undermining and withdrawal. This study also offers new insights via mediating mechanisms and moderators associated with the relationship between COVID-19-related job insecurity and employees’ behavioral reactions.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2496-2515
Number of pages20
JournalInternational Journal of Contemporary Hospitality Management
Volume34
Issue number7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 3 2022
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • COVID-19-related job insecurity
  • Emotional exhaustion
  • Family undermining behaviors
  • Symmetrical internal communication (SIC)
  • Withdrawal behaviors

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Tourism, Leisure and Hospitality Management

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